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Teen Creates 3D Printed, Brain-Powered Prosthetic Arm with Arduino
TOPICS | Parenting | Education Posted Friday, May 17, 2013 (1,544 views)

One of the amazing developments in the toy/education area is the creation of Arduino as a children's learning toy. Arduino is an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. It's intended for artists, designers, hobbyists, and anyone interested in creating interactive objects or environments, but it is really something special when you put it in the hands of a exceptional child. Arduino is to robotics and product creation, as the first laser printers were to budding publishers or artists.  Just as the laser printer allowed amatuers to produce professional print projects, arduino allows for amatuers to build real working open source robotics. Easton LaChappelle is a young pioneer in the use of arduino for functional use. In this great piece by MAKE:, Easton's prosthetic arm creation, he built for less than $250 shows the power of Arduino. 



When he was 14, Easton LaChappelle built a robotic hand because he thought it would be cool. He made the hand out of Lego bricks, fishing wire, surgical tubing for fingers, and five independently-controlled servos. The robo-hand won Easton third place at the Colorado state science fair in 2011, but he was unsatisfied with the robot’s functionality so he set about improving the design.

The second version of the hand grew into an arm and featured a combination of 3D printed parts, dental rubber bands for tendon-like spring action, nylon-coated jeweler’s wire for ligaments, a telemetric Nintendo Power Glove, and a brainwave-activated headset to control the arm’s movement. For muscle power, he made a servo by adding a potentiometer to a DC motor.

Easton’s inventions created a stir, both because he was so young, and because the devices were flat-out amazing. Oh, and when he started, he knew nothing about electronics or programming. He taught himself. Easton, who lives in the small town of Mancos, Colo. near the Four Corners area, got coverage in Popular Science, Popular Mechanics, and MAKE and won a 2nd place ribbon at the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair, the nation’s top science fair.

As impressive as the robotic arm was, Easton realized he wanted to create something that did more than clutch a can of soda. A girl at the Colorado science fair last year gave him the inspiration he needed.

The young girl was born without a right arm and wore an $80,000 prosthetic limb. She controlled the arm via a spinal implant. As a maker, Easton was impressed by the technology, but distressed to learn the girl would need new arms as she grew, a tremendous expense for the family.

“That kind of opened my eyes,” said Easton, now 17. “I thought I could turn (my invention) into a prosthetic arm and help a lot of people.”

His mission was to build a robotic arm that was as functional as it was affordable. He thinks he’s done it.

Version 3.0 of the robot uses a Teensy Arduino microcontroller as well as amplifier circuits and Bluetooth receivers. To control the arm, the user flexes a muscle to choose from a menu of movements then performs a series of eye blinks to select pre-loaded gestures such as hand, elbow, or wrist movements. Once a movement is selected, an EEG headset measure brainwaves to control the movement. Total cost for the device? $250.

Except for the gears, motors, and screws, all parts were 3D printed on a Printrbot. Easton counts Printrbot founder Brook Drumm as a key mentor.

After numerous tests on himself and a study of anatomy, Easton discovered the muscles in the foot were the right ones to control the device, specifically curling up his toes.

Easton believes his prosthetic device is the first of its kind and he sees application for bomb defusal and search and rescue as well.

While he wants to use his robo-arm to help the needy, the arm may also be used to help those who need a cold beer. In a roundabout connection, an executive at Heineken asked Easton if his creation could be used to serve beer at bars owned by the Dutch brewing giant.

“It’s an application I never though of,” said the underage inventor.

Easton said yes and asked how many arms Heineken wanted. The answer: 5,000.

“It was definitely surprising,” he said. “It’s a big number, but it’s definitely possible.”

While he figures out how to scale up production and launches a Kickstarter campaign to introduce the arm to the world and help raise funds, he still has high school to contend with. While his school is supportive of his robotics work, he says school sometimes “gets in the way.”

Easton has already been extended a university scholarship and he says a company in Minnesota has offered to pay his rent if he moves there to work for them while he finishes school. But he’s kinda busy. This summer he’s got an internship at NASA where he’ll work on their robonaut project.



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Image courtesy of MAKE:
Content courtesy of Stett Holbrook

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